Securing the livelihood through improvement of Kawra/pig-rearing community of southwest Bangladesh

NICE Foundation

Context

Nice Foundation and Batiaghata WMA jointly conducted a participatory action research from August 2015 to June 2016, on hygienic pig farming in Batiaghata Upazila of Khulna district. Lower caste Hindu communities and Sundarbans tribal community first started pig farming in South West Bangladesh over a thousand years ago, in a most unhygienic traditional form. Pigs are reared in roaming tribes, and their herders take them from location to location to graze for food, causing social and environmental conflicts and putting public health at risk. Furthermore, the mortality rate of grazing pigs is high and the pig herders are deprived of a fair price for pig meat.

Local varieties of Pigs usually reared by the farmers

Purpose

To improve the economic and social status of the pig-rearing community by investigating a number of aspects of hygienic pig management and rearing: pigs’ reproductive performance, their mortality rates, diseases and treatment, feeding practice, and marketing. The research was to establishing a demonstration farm and household trial farms with four varieties of pigs through improved practices also improve pig rearers’ income and wellbeing.

Hygienic pig farming system

Description

Of all the households participating in the action research, 90% were Hindu, which are traditionally involved with pig farming and trading. The project has trained 200 pig farmers where 90% were women on hygienic practices in pig husbandry. Market linkages have been established between service providers, farmers and traders. A pig demonstration farm was established as a learning model for pig farmers to enhance their skill through Farmers Field School (FFS) approach. A comparative study on different pig breeds executed under this project indicated that the greatest weight growth takes place with the traditional local black breed, with greater growth in most breeds among sows than boars. Local Dolkomol and Whitish (Yorkshire) varieties preferred to be breed by feeding concentrate feed with available roughage to investigate the returns.

Hygienic piglets production

Results

The highest survival rates were found in the traditional Black breed also most disease resistant. Farmers have historically inclined on the less-profitable pig fattening, which requires less technical knowledge and support, rather than piglet production, but the research outcome is that the breeding is more profitable than fattening. The piglets production gives double earning within short time as it grows very fast compare to pig fattening. The study shows that 87% women are pig farmers who can earn extra beside household works by producing piglets.

Lesson

Pig manures can be used for the purpose of bio-gas and organic fertilizer in agricultural field. Pig farming can be accepted by the majority Muslim population, if hygienically/sensitively managed.

Advocacy workshop on Pig farming

Scale up

There are many farmers who want technical support. The mortality rates of young pigs are still high and this needs special care and treatment. Market demand is huge but fully dependent on local buyers which need to be linked with national market.

Contact : M. Mujibur Rahman, Director, 244 Keshoblal Road, Daulatpur, Khulna, Bangladesh,
Cell phone: +8801720505701, Email: nicefoundation@gmail.com, Web: www.nicefoundationbd.org

Download a PDF version: NICE foundation – Hygienic pig farming v4